Saint Denis
The Abbey of Saint Denis – the first flower of the Gothic, created by the great Sugerem amazes even today, despite the fact that during the great French revolution and…

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Plague Fort: the most mysterious construction of the Kronstadt
Not far from Kronstadt of water rise from the silent walls of the Fort "Emperor Alexander I" or "Plague". The history of abandoned structures, in which a hundred years ago…

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architectural

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The stone architecture of Lithuania of XIII – XVIII centuries

At the end of XIV – first half XV century Lithuanian churches were influenced by castle architecture and the Gothic churches of the Franciscan order and East Prussia. They are distinguished by thick walls faced with brick. Widely spaced small Windows emphasized the wide sides of the walls. These planes due to the decorative red brick, drawing the brickwork, grey seams of lime, and sometimes the ornament of black clinker. “Typical of the Gothic verticality was emphasized by buttresses, high gable roofs, dissected by shallow niches, pediments, semi-circular or Lancet Windows and doors”. (34, 195)

In the second half of XV – first half XVI century churches, respecting the old composite base, acquire new features. The walls become higher, and therefore less tangible for their heaviness. The buttresses more emphatic in drawing, not so much perform a constructive function, how much the role of a decorative element. The openings of Windows and doors increase and get a new design of shaped bricks. Cross, star or mesh arches span the interior space of the premises. (73, 95) is a Characteristic feature of Lithuanian plan of Gothic churches – a rectangular hall with a long choruses that end with a triangular apse. Continue reading

The most mysterious and amazing places on the planet

The world is full of mysterious places. Despite the fact that they were carefully studied by scientists to this day are fraught with many mysteries and amaze imagination.

Scientists have explained the reasons for incest in animals

Because of global warming, small shellfish may disappear

First in the list can rightly be considered the Nazca desert. On the plateau one of the driest deserts of the planet, located in Peru caused a giant intricate drawings. Due to the semiarid climate faces have been preserved from ancient times, but became aware of them recently, when flying over the plateau in the first half of the twentieth century. On the plateau caused about thirty of the drawings is a bird, monkey, spider, flowers, etc., close to 700 geometric figures. Continue reading

Gothic in medieval Western Europe

The origin of the term “Gothic”

The word comes from Italian. “unusual, barbaric, the barbarians” (the historical Goths, this style has nothing to do), and was initially used as a profanity. For the first time the notion in the modern sense used by Giorgio Vasari in order to separate the Renaissance from the middle Ages. Gothic completed the development of European medieval art, which arose on the basis of the achievements of Roman culture and the Renaissance (Renaissance) art of the middle ages was considered “barbaric”. Gothic art was a cult on purpose and Religious topics. It appealed to higher forces of the divine, of eternity, of the Christian worldview.

Gothic in its development is divided into Early Gothic, the heyday of Late Gothic Continue reading

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A study of megalithic structures
Of great importance in the study of the history of our ancestors is a study of megalithic structures. A huge range of location: from the southern end and Oceanites Dolmens…

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Roman engineering structures
To the top of the construction activities of the Romans are engineering structures. The largest facilities are the network of roads covered the whole territory of the Empire. The Roman…

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