10 interesting abandoned lighthouses
The first lighthouses were built in the days when humanity was just beginning to make tentative steps towards the development of their native planet. For the convenience of navigators along…

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Types of megalithic structures
Megaliths in Greek language means "big stone" and are stone structures relating to the prehistoric period. These structures were erected without any connecting mortar (cement or lime), and just evolved.…

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A study of megalithic structures

Of great importance in the study of the history of our ancestors is a study of megalithic structures. A huge range of location: from the southern end and Oceanites

Dolmens

Of great importance in the study of the history of our ancestors is a study of megalithic structures. A huge range of location: from the southern tip of ocean and Islands of Asia to the westernmost point of Europe, the continental America. The most famous are the Indian ocean Islands, Easter island, the Caucasus, Stonehenge, Karnak, Baalbek, Malta, Neal and Machu Picchu. Pyramids and dolmens, menhirs and underground temples, avenues and dolmens, galleries and roads. Different cultures, different people, different era and different technology. Throughout this vast territory only the dolmens are common, having a similar appearance, because the consideration of the megaliths in this article is to describe the culture of the dolmens.

We turn first to the most truthful sources of information. Great Encyclopedic Dictionary: “a Dolmen (from Breton. tol – table and men – stone) megalithic. the structure in the form of a large stone box, covered with a flat plate. Common in primer. parts of Europe, Asia and North.Africa”. Continue reading

The stone architecture of Lithuania of XIII – XVIII centuries

At the end of XIV – first half XV century Lithuanian churches were influenced by castle architecture and the Gothic churches of the Franciscan order and East Prussia. They are distinguished by thick walls faced with brick. Widely spaced small Windows emphasized the wide sides of the walls. These planes due to the decorative red brick, drawing the brickwork, grey seams of lime, and sometimes the ornament of black clinker. “Typical of the Gothic verticality was emphasized by buttresses, high gable roofs, dissected by shallow niches, pediments, semi-circular or Lancet Windows and doors”. (34, 195)

In the second half of XV – first half XVI century churches, respecting the old composite base, acquire new features. The walls become higher, and therefore less tangible for their heaviness. The buttresses more emphatic in drawing, not so much perform a constructive function, how much the role of a decorative element. The openings of Windows and doors increase and get a new design of shaped bricks. Cross, star or mesh arches span the interior space of the premises. (73, 95) is a Characteristic feature of Lithuanian plan of Gothic churches – a rectangular hall with a long choruses that end with a triangular apse. Continue reading

Gothic in medieval Western Europe

The origin of the term “Gothic”

The word comes from Italian. “unusual, barbaric, the barbarians” (the historical Goths, this style has nothing to do), and was initially used as a profanity. For the first time the notion in the modern sense used by Giorgio Vasari in order to separate the Renaissance from the middle Ages. Gothic completed the development of European medieval art, which arose on the basis of the achievements of Roman culture and the Renaissance (Renaissance) art of the middle ages was considered “barbaric”. Gothic art was a cult on purpose and Religious topics. It appealed to higher forces of the divine, of eternity, of the Christian worldview.

Gothic in its development is divided into Early Gothic, the heyday of Late Gothic Continue reading

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Gothic churches
In the Middle ages was in Europe the city without a Catholic Cathedral. The Latin term civitas, which means city, settlement, in those days, meant the seat of the Bishop.…

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Dolmens - ancient burial structures of South Korea
Dolmens are ancient burial structures, which are often found in Asia, Europe and North Africa. In Korea is the largest number of dolmens in the world. They are of great…

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