The stone architecture of Lithuania of XIII – XVIII centuries
At the end of XIV - first half XV century Lithuanian churches were influenced by castle architecture and the Gothic churches of the Franciscan order and East Prussia. They are…

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The mysterious dolmens
Dolmens are structures built of large stone blocks. Historically such places were considered magical, but rather places of worship. They are of great interest to archaeologists, historians, modern pilgrims and…

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Dolmens - ancient burial structures of South Korea
Dolmens are ancient burial structures, which are often found in Asia, Europe and North Africa. In Korea is the largest number of dolmens in the world. They are of great…

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The largest underground city in the world.
Area with a landscape similar to the moon, where is found the largest underground city in Turkey is located in the valley of Goreme in Cappadocia. Cappadocia is known for…

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Inside the Siberian crater

Remember the giant funnel, which in July 2014 was spotted from the air in Yamal? Today we finally can see what is there inside — thanks to the stunning images in the newspaper Siberian Times. In November, the researchers first descended into the crater — or rather, on the frozen surface of the bottom of the mini-lake is a 10-meter depth.

Then you know how it was, and what other mysterious places in our country.

1. Siberian black holes

Funnel, which is the largest of the three seen on the Peninsula. They could be formed from an underground gas explosion, but so far this is working version, which must still confirm the sample. While some scientists claim that the appearance of craters there is nothing dangerous, while others say that the same process could cause anomalies in the Bermuda triangle.

The closed city in the Republic of Bashkortostan at the foot of the mountain of Yamantau. Since 1930 there has been one of the special settlements of the Gulag, but only after half a century, the world learned about the existence of such points on the map. Since then these areas have been named a nature reserve, but in the 1990’s in the mountains unfolded the secret construction, which has generated a lot of rumors and speculation. Continue reading

The stone architecture of Lithuania of XIII – XVIII centuries

At the end of XIV – first half XV century Lithuanian churches were influenced by castle architecture and the Gothic churches of the Franciscan order and East Prussia. They are distinguished by thick walls faced with brick. Widely spaced small Windows emphasized the wide sides of the walls. These planes due to the decorative red brick, drawing the brickwork, grey seams of lime, and sometimes the ornament of black clinker. “Typical of the Gothic verticality was emphasized by buttresses, high gable roofs, dissected by shallow niches, pediments, semi-circular or Lancet Windows and doors”. (34, 195)

In the second half of XV – first half XVI century churches, respecting the old composite base, acquire new features. The walls become higher, and therefore less tangible for their heaviness. The buttresses more emphatic in drawing, not so much perform a constructive function, how much the role of a decorative element. The openings of Windows and doors increase and get a new design of shaped bricks. Cross, star or mesh arches span the interior space of the premises. (73, 95) is a Characteristic feature of Lithuanian plan of Gothic churches – a rectangular hall with a long choruses that end with a triangular apse. Continue reading

Tik-Kuyu — siege well Chufut-Kale

Tick-Kuyu or, more simply, well the siege of Calais — an ancient system of underground hydraulic structures. A sensational discovery was made in 1998-2001.

The history of discovery

Since the water in the fortress was imported — it was taken in the sources of Karai-Chokrak and the Gazi-Mansur. Also used the rain and snow water. The water reserves in the form of snow and ice was stored in caves beneath the straw and felt.

During the siege, water was delivered from a secret system of waterworks. When the fortress lost its military significance, the information about it, who had hidden, was forgotten. But not all. Secret location underground structures were passed from generation to generation elected; over time, its guardians have become the elders and leaders of the people of the Karaites. Brief information was published by the Karaite gahs (spiritual head) of S. Chapel in 1895:

“The Karaites could stand a long siege due to the fact that Small gate near Kyrk-hyères there was an underground passage to the spring located at the foot of the rock.” Continue reading

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Saint Denis
The Abbey of Saint Denis – the first flower of the Gothic, created by the great Sugerem amazes even today, despite the fact that during the great French revolution and…

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The Gothic churches of Cyprus
Only three hours flight and you find yourself on a small, divine beauty, the island of Aphrodite. If there is Paradise on earth – it is Cyprus. Golden sandy beaches,…

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Gothic churches
In the Middle ages was in Europe the city without a Catholic Cathedral. The Latin term civitas, which means city, settlement, in those days, meant the seat of the Bishop.…

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One of the most mysterious places in Italy
The most mysterious and enigmatic place on the territory of Italy is considered to be the Abbey called "Santa Maria di Lucedio", which for many years has managed to become…

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The technology of construction of underground stations
Construction of underground metro stations is one of the technically challenging and labour-intensive industries of modern construction with relatively high material and financial costs. The volume and scope of work…

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