At the end of XIV – first half XV century Lithuanian churches were influenced by castle architecture and the Gothic churches of the Franciscan order and East Prussia. They are distinguished by thick walls faced with brick. Widely spaced small Windows emphasized the wide sides of the walls. These planes due to the decorative red brick, drawing the brickwork, grey seams of lime, and sometimes the ornament of black clinker. “Typical of the Gothic verticality was emphasized by buttresses, high gable roofs, dissected by shallow niches, pediments, semi-circular or Lancet Windows and doors”. (34, 195)
In the second half of XV – first half XVI century churches, respecting the old composite base, acquire new features. The walls become higher, and therefore less tangible for their heaviness. The buttresses more emphatic in drawing, not so much perform a constructive function, how much the role of a decorative element. The openings of Windows and doors increase and get a new design of shaped bricks. Cross, star or mesh arches span the interior space of the premises. (73, 95) is a Characteristic feature of Lithuanian plan of Gothic churches – a rectangular hall with a long choruses that end with a triangular apse. Continue reading
Medieval builders had solved a very complicated time for their task. Thanks to the invention of the Lancet, the pointed form of arch, they managed to erect a building of great height. Lancet arch reduces pressure on the walls of the arches, and built outside of strong pillars, the buttresses – and even ease the pressure. Heavy, pointed upward to the door leading inside the Cathedral.
There, high overhead, is spanned by the rows of Lancet arches. Up carried bundles of long, thin columns. The building definitely reaches for the sky. Through the stained glass Windows pouring light fancy. Gold, scarlet, Royal blue spots painted massive stone slabs of the floor. Colorful reflections playing on the thin, fragile figures of saints. The contours repeat the soaring lines of columns and arches.
The three arts are combined, but differently than in Egyptian or Greek temple. It’s infused with the Christian religion. Subordinating art, she seeks to divert the mind of the person in an otherworldly, ethereal world. And although the building built by man, yet it was created to serve an invisible God. Continue reading
All of us at school telling – stone age people were wild prosimians. They lived in caves and hunted mammoths, sharpened their stone axes and feared forces of nature. Fear the savages came up with a religion and began to worship false gods… you know the rest all by yourself. But I have to disappoint you, dear fans, of the classic story. Because in this era were built on the planet’s most mysterious buildings – the MEGALITHS, why culture began to be known as megalithic. What is it? Megaliths are religious buildings from giant stone slabs. The most famous building Stonehenge. Although throughout all the land of such complexes ponastroila were many. In addition to circular structures laid out mazes, spirals, or set single stones (menhirs), gave the whole hectares.
A special place is occupied dolmens is a kind of stone “boxes”, carved with mysterious symbols on the walls. Scientists still argue about it? Although human remains in them were not, historians insist that this is the burial chamber. Modern physics has put forward the version that the dolmens may be batteries of unknown energy. For good reason the people around them are healed…
Now, sit down, gentlemen… All megalithic structures located on a single line (you can call it the Meridian) and carry a mathematically coded message about the location of planetesimal in the Universe. This is the conclusion of several scientists, and particularly interesting is the phenomenon described in books by Erich von Däniken. This theory was engaged Ernst Muldashev in the book “In search of the city of the Gods”. Continue reading