At the end of XIV – first half XV century Lithuanian churches were influenced by castle architecture and the Gothic churches of the Franciscan order and East Prussia. They are distinguished by thick walls faced with brick. Widely spaced small Windows emphasized the wide sides of the walls. These planes due to the decorative red brick, drawing the brickwork, grey seams of lime, and sometimes the ornament of black clinker. “Typical of the Gothic verticality was emphasized by buttresses, high gable roofs, dissected by shallow niches, pediments, semi-circular or Lancet Windows and doors”. (34, 195)
In the second half of XV – first half XVI century churches, respecting the old composite base, acquire new features. The walls become higher, and therefore less tangible for their heaviness. The buttresses more emphatic in drawing, not so much perform a constructive function, how much the role of a decorative element. The openings of Windows and doors increase and get a new design of shaped bricks. Cross, star or mesh arches span the interior space of the premises. (73, 95) is a Characteristic feature of Lithuanian plan of Gothic churches – a rectangular hall with a long choruses that end with a triangular apse. Continue reading
Area with a landscape similar to the moon, where is found the largest underground city in Turkey is located in the valley of Goreme in Cappadocia. Cappadocia is known for the presence of the underground cities of Derinkuyu is the largest of its kind. The age of this underground structure is compared with the age of the Egyptian pyramids. The Derinkuyu means “deep wells”, the name of the underground city has received from the small town, which is located above it.
Why are those strange wells, for a long time nobody was interested, until one of the locals in 1963 did not show a curiosity about the strange cracks in the basement, where there was fresh air. Thus was discovered an entire underground city, carved into the rock, consisting of twenty layers, the many rooms and galleries connected by passages that have a length in tens of kilometers. To date, archaeologists have been able to go into Derinkuyu is 85 meters and explore the first eight tiers. Continue reading
In Malta remained among the most ancient on Earth megalithic structures. Scientists call them temples, on the grounds that here there was an elaborate ceremonial culture of burial. At the same time, we know that it was a society highly developed technically, created your calendar and possessed extensive knowledge of astronomy.
The megaliths of Malta and Gozo
Maltese megaliths are not only the most ancient discovered so far. They are notable for the fact that, as a rule, are not in isolation, but form huge complexes.
The oldest of the Maltese megaliths Ggantija is located to the North-East of the island of Gozo. It was built around 3400-3000 BC and discovered in 1826. The word of Gigante means “giant” or “giant” and very suitable to the megalith. It consists of two separate temple with different inputs but common rear wall. Some temples have a concave facade, in front of which is arranged in a platform of large stone blocks. The oldest temple complex consists of three semi-circular rooms arranged in the shape of a Shamrock. Scientists believe that this Trinity symbolizes the past, present and future, or birth, life and death. Continue reading