Medieval builders had solved a very complicated time for their task. Thanks to the invention of the Lancet, the pointed form of arch, they managed to erect a building of great height. Lancet arch reduces pressure on the walls of the arches, and built outside of strong pillars, the buttresses – and even ease the pressure. Heavy, pointed upward to the door leading inside the Cathedral.
There, high overhead, is spanned by the rows of Lancet arches. Up carried bundles of long, thin columns. The building definitely reaches for the sky. Through the stained glass Windows pouring light fancy. Gold, scarlet, Royal blue spots painted massive stone slabs of the floor. Colorful reflections playing on the thin, fragile figures of saints. The contours repeat the soaring lines of columns and arches.
The three arts are combined, but differently than in Egyptian or Greek temple. It’s infused with the Christian religion. Subordinating art, she seeks to divert the mind of the person in an otherworldly, ethereal world. And although the building built by man, yet it was created to serve an invisible God. Continue reading
The origin of the term “Gothic”
The word comes from Italian. “unusual, barbaric, the barbarians” (the historical Goths, this style has nothing to do), and was initially used as a profanity. For the first time the notion in the modern sense used by Giorgio Vasari in order to separate the Renaissance from the middle Ages. Gothic completed the development of European medieval art, which arose on the basis of the achievements of Roman culture and the Renaissance (Renaissance) art of the middle ages was considered “barbaric”. Gothic art was a cult on purpose and Religious topics. It appealed to higher forces of the divine, of eternity, of the Christian worldview.
Gothic in its development is divided into Early Gothic, the heyday of Late Gothic Continue reading
Mysterious ancient Egyptian civilization is controversial and scientists to this day, because science has a very protivoradikulitnye: on the one hand the construction of the pyramids, advanced medicine, shipbuilding, and lack of basic wheels… How much were developed in different fields of science these people from the distant past. who inhabited the banks of the Nile?
It’s hard to argue with the fact that the most incomprehensible and the most known achievement of the ancient Egyptian civilization was the building of the pyramids.
About the purpose of these magnificent structures argue even modern scientists. Widely discussed and could the people who inhabited the banks of the Nile 5 thousand years ago and used in the construction of simple levers and ramps, to build them? Why the more ancient times of Egyptian civilization were built are larger and more correct proportions of the pyramid? Why they did not develop but, on the contrary, became less geometrically perfect? Continue reading