Medieval builders had solved a very complicated time for their task. Thanks to the invention of the Lancet, the pointed form of arch, they managed to erect a building of great height. Lancet arch reduces pressure on the walls of the arches, and built outside of strong pillars, the buttresses – and even ease the pressure. Heavy, pointed upward to the door leading inside the Cathedral.
There, high overhead, is spanned by the rows of Lancet arches. Up carried bundles of long, thin columns. The building definitely reaches for the sky. Through the stained glass Windows pouring light fancy. Gold, scarlet, Royal blue spots painted massive stone slabs of the floor. Colorful reflections playing on the thin, fragile figures of saints. The contours repeat the soaring lines of columns and arches.
The three arts are combined, but differently than in Egyptian or Greek temple. It’s infused with the Christian religion. Subordinating art, she seeks to divert the mind of the person in an otherworldly, ethereal world. And although the building built by man, yet it was created to serve an invisible God. Continue reading
The origin of the term “Gothic”
The word comes from Italian. “unusual, barbaric, the barbarians” (the historical Goths, this style has nothing to do), and was initially used as a profanity. For the first time the notion in the modern sense used by Giorgio Vasari in order to separate the Renaissance from the middle Ages. Gothic completed the development of European medieval art, which arose on the basis of the achievements of Roman culture and the Renaissance (Renaissance) art of the middle ages was considered “barbaric”. Gothic art was a cult on purpose and Religious topics. It appealed to higher forces of the divine, of eternity, of the Christian worldview.
Gothic in its development is divided into Early Gothic, the heyday of Late Gothic Continue reading
English Stonehenge one of the most ancient and mysterious monuments in the world. Scientists believe that this building age slightly younger than the ancient Egyptian pyramids (about 5000 thousand years).
But this common data, more and more researchers agree that the mysterious Stonehenge is much older. According to various sources he from 7 to 13 thousand years.
Who reconstructed this mysterious structure unknown. The ancient inhabitants of Britain thought it was the work of the great magician Merlin. Others have suggested that the giants did, who lived before the flood. It is believed that this is the handiwork of extraterrestrials.
Scientists traditionalists believe that this ancient Observatory.
It is believed that English began to build Stonehenge in 1600 – 1900 BC. The composition of such rocks: dolerite, tuff, Sandstone, and limestone. All this construction material is present in Britain. Continue reading