House looked up from the roots: How to tolerate the building
Just three years ago a curious thing happened in Germany. It turned out that the stone Church of the XIV century interferes to develop the coal below it in the…

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Gothic style architecture and the Dzayn
The Gothic style . how the term came about after the Gothic as a style in architecture, has lost its dominant importance. He was the first to introduce Italian sculptor,…

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The stone architecture of Lithuania of XIII – XVIII centuries

At the end of XIV – first half XV century Lithuanian churches were influenced by castle architecture and the Gothic churches of the Franciscan order and East Prussia. They are distinguished by thick walls faced with brick. Widely spaced small Windows emphasized the wide sides of the walls. These planes due to the decorative red brick, drawing the brickwork, grey seams of lime, and sometimes the ornament of black clinker. “Typical of the Gothic verticality was emphasized by buttresses, high gable roofs, dissected by shallow niches, pediments, semi-circular or Lancet Windows and doors”. (34, 195)

In the second half of XV – first half XVI century churches, respecting the old composite base, acquire new features. The walls become higher, and therefore less tangible for their heaviness. The buttresses more emphatic in drawing, not so much perform a constructive function, how much the role of a decorative element. The openings of Windows and doors increase and get a new design of shaped bricks. Cross, star or mesh arches span the interior space of the premises. (73, 95) is a Characteristic feature of Lithuanian plan of Gothic churches – a rectangular hall with a long choruses that end with a triangular apse. Continue reading

The image of the world and the Gothic temple

Medieval builders had solved a very complicated time for their task. Thanks to the invention of the Lancet, the pointed form of arch, they managed to erect a building of great height. Lancet arch reduces pressure on the walls of the arches, and built outside of strong pillars, the buttresses – and even ease the pressure. Heavy, pointed upward to the door leading inside the Cathedral.

There, high overhead, is spanned by the rows of Lancet arches. Up carried bundles of long, thin columns. The building definitely reaches for the sky. Through the stained glass Windows pouring light fancy. Gold, scarlet, Royal blue spots painted massive stone slabs of the floor. Colorful reflections playing on the thin, fragile figures of saints. The contours repeat the soaring lines of columns and arches.

The three arts are combined, but differently than in Egyptian or Greek temple. It’s infused with the Christian religion. Subordinating art, she seeks to divert the mind of the person in an otherworldly, ethereal world. And although the building built by man, yet it was created to serve an invisible God. Continue reading

Tik-Kuyu — siege well Chufut-Kale

Tick-Kuyu or, more simply, well the siege of Calais — an ancient system of underground hydraulic structures. A sensational discovery was made in 1998-2001.

The history of discovery

Since the water in the fortress was imported — it was taken in the sources of Karai-Chokrak and the Gazi-Mansur. Also used the rain and snow water. The water reserves in the form of snow and ice was stored in caves beneath the straw and felt.

During the siege, water was delivered from a secret system of waterworks. When the fortress lost its military significance, the information about it, who had hidden, was forgotten. But not all. Secret location underground structures were passed from generation to generation elected; over time, its guardians have become the elders and leaders of the people of the Karaites. Brief information was published by the Karaite gahs (spiritual head) of S. Chapel in 1895:

“The Karaites could stand a long siege due to the fact that Small gate near Kyrk-hyères there was an underground passage to the spring located at the foot of the rock.” Continue reading

The Sights Of Lithuania
Lithuania will give You a great experience preserved medieval buildings and architectural ensembles. In Vilnius be sure to visit the famous Gediminas Castle, the Upper castle is the heart of…

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Gothic churches
In the Middle ages was in Europe the city without a Catholic Cathedral. The Latin term civitas, which means city, settlement, in those days, meant the seat of the Bishop.…

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