To the top of the construction activities of the Romans are engineering structures. The largest facilities are the network of roads covered the whole territory of the Empire. The Roman Appian way — oldest, preserved and used still transport artery not only in Rome but around the world. It was built in IV—III centuries BC it approached Rome by the army of Spartacus in the late 70-ies of the first century BC and somewhat later in her shoulders were crucified on the crosses of his warriors, captured by the Romans.
The special place in improvement of cities, the growth of which required more and more water took water pipelines and aqueducts . From the hilly neighborhoods in the city reservoirs water was of stone, plastered with hydraulic mortar, the channels that are in low-lying areas and at the intersections of rivers or ravines were supported by arched constructions.
In the II century BC Rome only had nine large aqueducts, which provided water sources 1350, 15 fountains, dozens of public Bagni 11 luxuriously equipped baths. Continue reading
In the Middle ages was in Europe the city without a Catholic Cathedral. The Latin term civitas, which means city, settlement, in those days, meant the seat of the Bishop. The Episcopal seat was the Cathedral. The construction of Gothic cathedrals is an important milestone in the history of medieval Europe. Not all cathedrals are huge and majestic, but majestic Gothic cathedrals since the XII century represent the citadel of art, science and technology, social life, faith, and power. The Gothic cathedrals of the quintessence of European civilization. Many extant cathedrals were built not only as places of worship, the example of the Saint Denis Basilica.
The Basilica Of Saint-Denis
During the decline of Antiquity, the Roman Empire Christianized, each major and medium city became the residence of the Bishop of the diocese. In the course of the middle Ages are all new to the diocese, continued the evangelization of the Northern, Central and Eastern Europe. In the XIII century Western Europe has nearly a thousand dioceses and many Catholic cathedrals. In the XII century the city flourishes and military construction, the building is grouped around the Gothic cathedrals, some of which reach 1,000 years. Continue reading
Mysterious megalithic temples of Malta are on the list of world cultural heritage sites of UNESCO, as a single group. These wonderful sanctuaries are more than 5 thousand years. Every megalithic temple complex developed independently, some were built even before the construction of the Egyptian pyramids, others in the bronze age. Scientists are still trying to find the answer to their appearance
On the island of Gozo is a complex of two temples of Ggantija, it is the oldest free-standing monuments and the most ancient structures of the bronze age, preserved in the world. They confirm that the island was inhabited even a thousand years before the construction of the Egyptian pyramids at Giza. Earlier, local residents thought that these megaliths were built by giants-the giants as they struck his scales. In the Maltese language “Ggantija” means “giant”.
Both temples have five apses connected by a Central corridor leading to Tripoli. They are built using the header and stretcher techniques of masonry, with blocks of coral limestone, some of which have more than five meters in length and weigh about 50 tons. Continue reading