The land of our country is dotted with temples: red and white tower emerges from the variegated panoramas of small villages and large cities, attract the attention of travelers, delight the hearts of its inhabitants. On Sunday morning the service of the churches of their parishes with many people. Travelers, tourists, art lovers, the temples attracted mostly not by the service, and grandiose, majestic, reminiscent of historical times architecture.
The magnificent buildings reflect the history and changing eras
Lithuanian churches is a living book of history of Lithuania. The history of their construction, architecture, stored them in works of art reminiscent of old times reflect the change of the ages, tell the story of people who lived in the province. Temples are often built and used as defensive fortifications. Many of them suffered great damage, and were looted during the various wars.
The first churches in Lithuania was made before the introduction of Christianity – they were built alien merchants and artisans. After the baptism of Lithuania in 1387, the number was growing steadily. In the middle of the XX century in Lithuania there were 885 Catholic churches and chapels. Continue reading
Much of what we believe the product of modern science, was known to mankind even in ancient times, but subsequently, for whatever reasons, forgotten. Moreover, as the science of the different human cultures developed very different way than ours, in the surviving monuments can be hidden knowledge, not yet known to us.
Today we know that the pharaohs were put in pyramids science, origin and methods which we do not know. We find there the number “PI”, the exact calculation of the duration of the solar year, the radius and the weight of Earth, distance from the earth to the Sun, astronomical law of the precession of the equinoxes, the magnitude of the degree of longitude, the actual direction to the North and probably many other, not yet deciphered data.
The debate is about tenths, however, the building of pyramids shows the technique that remain completely incomprehensible to us. This is an artificial mountain weighs 6.5 million tons. Blocks up to 12 tons weight of each fitting to each other with polumillimetrovy accuracy. Most often there the most flat idea: Pharaoh had an enormous number of slaves. It remains to explain the manner in which was solved the problem of placement of these huge crowds? Continue reading
Medieval architecture in its development passed through two successive stages: an early period of the Romanesque style (XI-XII centuries) and late – Gothic period (XII-XV centuries).
The early period of feudalism is characterized by land fragmentation and internecine wars between feudal lords. These conditions are reflected in the architecture. For building choose in a strategic manner. Building otvechala of defence; the walls and arches make a massive, luminous apertures resemble loopholes of the building topped with watch towers. These characteristics of the Romanesque style found in the buildings of the period of early feudalism in all the countries of Europe.
The Romanesque style was based on the experience and elements of Roman stone architecture, hence its name appeared in the NINETEENTH century.
The characteristic features of Romanesque architecture except the thick walls, which was semicircular arches and barrel or cross vaults. To support the weight of the stone needed a very thick column, which was sometimes replaced with powerful cross or octagonal poles – pillars. The Romanesque capitals had simple geometric shapes, often adorned, in spite of constructive logic, the carved relief images. Continue reading