Of great importance in the study of the history of our ancestors is a study of megalithic structures. A huge range of location: from the southern end and Oceanites
Of great importance in the study of the history of our ancestors is a study of megalithic structures. A huge range of location: from the southern tip of ocean and Islands of Asia to the westernmost point of Europe, the continental America. The most famous are the Indian ocean Islands, Easter island, the Caucasus, Stonehenge, Karnak, Baalbek, Malta, Neal and Machu Picchu. Pyramids and dolmens, menhirs and underground temples, avenues and dolmens, galleries and roads. Different cultures, different people, different era and different technology. Throughout this vast territory only the dolmens are common, having a similar appearance, because the consideration of the megaliths in this article is to describe the culture of the dolmens.
We turn first to the most truthful sources of information. Great Encyclopedic Dictionary: “a Dolmen (from Breton. tol – table and men – stone) megalithic. the structure in the form of a large stone box, covered with a flat plate. Common in primer. parts of Europe, Asia and North.Africa”. Continue reading
Medieval builders had solved a very complicated time for their task. Thanks to the invention of the Lancet, the pointed form of arch, they managed to erect a building of great height. Lancet arch reduces pressure on the walls of the arches, and built outside of strong pillars, the buttresses – and even ease the pressure. Heavy, pointed upward to the door leading inside the Cathedral.
There, high overhead, is spanned by the rows of Lancet arches. Up carried bundles of long, thin columns. The building definitely reaches for the sky. Through the stained glass Windows pouring light fancy. Gold, scarlet, Royal blue spots painted massive stone slabs of the floor. Colorful reflections playing on the thin, fragile figures of saints. The contours repeat the soaring lines of columns and arches.
The three arts are combined, but differently than in Egyptian or Greek temple. It’s infused with the Christian religion. Subordinating art, she seeks to divert the mind of the person in an otherworldly, ethereal world. And although the building built by man, yet it was created to serve an invisible God. Continue reading
The origin of the term “Gothic”
The word comes from Italian. “unusual, barbaric, the barbarians” (the historical Goths, this style has nothing to do), and was initially used as a profanity. For the first time the notion in the modern sense used by Giorgio Vasari in order to separate the Renaissance from the middle Ages. Gothic completed the development of European medieval art, which arose on the basis of the achievements of Roman culture and the Renaissance (Renaissance) art of the middle ages was considered “barbaric”. Gothic art was a cult on purpose and Religious topics. It appealed to higher forces of the divine, of eternity, of the Christian worldview.
Gothic in its development is divided into Early Gothic, the heyday of Late Gothic Continue reading