At the end of XIV – first half XV century Lithuanian churches were influenced by castle architecture and the Gothic churches of the Franciscan order and East Prussia. They are distinguished by thick walls faced with brick. Widely spaced small Windows emphasized the wide sides of the walls. These planes due to the decorative red brick, drawing the brickwork, grey seams of lime, and sometimes the ornament of black clinker. “Typical of the Gothic verticality was emphasized by buttresses, high gable roofs, dissected by shallow niches, pediments, semi-circular or Lancet Windows and doors”. (34, 195)
In the second half of XV – first half XVI century churches, respecting the old composite base, acquire new features. The walls become higher, and therefore less tangible for their heaviness. The buttresses more emphatic in drawing, not so much perform a constructive function, how much the role of a decorative element. The openings of Windows and doors increase and get a new design of shaped bricks. Cross, star or mesh arches span the interior space of the premises. (73, 95) is a Characteristic feature of Lithuanian plan of Gothic churches – a rectangular hall with a long choruses that end with a triangular apse. Continue reading
English Stonehenge one of the most ancient and mysterious monuments in the world. Scientists believe that this building age slightly younger than the ancient Egyptian pyramids (about 5000 thousand years).
But this common data, more and more researchers agree that the mysterious Stonehenge is much older. According to various sources he from 7 to 13 thousand years.
Who reconstructed this mysterious structure unknown. The ancient inhabitants of Britain thought it was the work of the great magician Merlin. Others have suggested that the giants did, who lived before the flood. It is believed that this is the handiwork of extraterrestrials.
Scientists traditionalists believe that this ancient Observatory.
It is believed that English began to build Stonehenge in 1600 – 1900 BC. The composition of such rocks: dolerite, tuff, Sandstone, and limestone. All this construction material is present in Britain. Continue reading
Mysterious ancient Egyptian civilization is controversial and scientists to this day, because science has a very protivoradikulitnye: on the one hand the construction of the pyramids, advanced medicine, shipbuilding, and lack of basic wheels… How much were developed in different fields of science these people from the distant past. who inhabited the banks of the Nile?
It’s hard to argue with the fact that the most incomprehensible and the most known achievement of the ancient Egyptian civilization was the building of the pyramids.
About the purpose of these magnificent structures argue even modern scientists. Widely discussed and could the people who inhabited the banks of the Nile 5 thousand years ago and used in the construction of simple levers and ramps, to build them? Why the more ancient times of Egyptian civilization were built are larger and more correct proportions of the pyramid? Why they did not develop but, on the contrary, became less geometrically perfect? Continue reading