At the end of XIV – first half XV century Lithuanian churches were influenced by castle architecture and the Gothic churches of the Franciscan order and East Prussia. They are distinguished by thick walls faced with brick. Widely spaced small Windows emphasized the wide sides of the walls. These planes due to the decorative red brick, drawing the brickwork, grey seams of lime, and sometimes the ornament of black clinker. “Typical of the Gothic verticality was emphasized by buttresses, high gable roofs, dissected by shallow niches, pediments, semi-circular or Lancet Windows and doors”. (34, 195)
In the second half of XV – first half XVI century churches, respecting the old composite base, acquire new features. The walls become higher, and therefore less tangible for their heaviness. The buttresses more emphatic in drawing, not so much perform a constructive function, how much the role of a decorative element. The openings of Windows and doors increase and get a new design of shaped bricks. Cross, star or mesh arches span the interior space of the premises. (73, 95) is a Characteristic feature of Lithuanian plan of Gothic churches – a rectangular hall with a long choruses that end with a triangular apse. Continue reading
Tick-Kuyu or, more simply, well the siege of Calais — an ancient system of underground hydraulic structures. A sensational discovery was made in 1998-2001.
The history of discovery
Since the water in the fortress was imported — it was taken in the sources of Karai-Chokrak and the Gazi-Mansur. Also used the rain and snow water. The water reserves in the form of snow and ice was stored in caves beneath the straw and felt.
During the siege, water was delivered from a secret system of waterworks. When the fortress lost its military significance, the information about it, who had hidden, was forgotten. But not all. Secret location underground structures were passed from generation to generation elected; over time, its guardians have become the elders and leaders of the people of the Karaites. Brief information was published by the Karaite gahs (spiritual head) of S. Chapel in 1895:
“The Karaites could stand a long siege due to the fact that Small gate near Kyrk-hyères there was an underground passage to the spring located at the foot of the rock.” Continue reading
All of us at school telling – stone age people were wild prosimians. They lived in caves and hunted mammoths, sharpened their stone axes and feared forces of nature. Fear the savages came up with a religion and began to worship false gods… you know the rest all by yourself. But I have to disappoint you, dear fans, of the classic story. Because in this era were built on the planet’s most mysterious buildings – the MEGALITHS, why culture began to be known as megalithic. What is it? Megaliths are religious buildings from giant stone slabs. The most famous building Stonehenge. Although throughout all the land of such complexes ponastroila were many. In addition to circular structures laid out mazes, spirals, or set single stones (menhirs), gave the whole hectares.
A special place is occupied dolmens is a kind of stone “boxes”, carved with mysterious symbols on the walls. Scientists still argue about it? Although human remains in them were not, historians insist that this is the burial chamber. Modern physics has put forward the version that the dolmens may be batteries of unknown energy. For good reason the people around them are healed…
Now, sit down, gentlemen… All megalithic structures located on a single line (you can call it the Meridian) and carry a mathematically coded message about the location of planetesimal in the Universe. This is the conclusion of several scientists, and particularly interesting is the phenomenon described in books by Erich von Däniken. This theory was engaged Ernst Muldashev in the book “In search of the city of the Gods”. Continue reading