The stone architecture of Lithuania of XIII – XVIII centuries
At the end of XIV – first half XV century Lithuanian churches were influenced by castle architecture and the Gothic churches of the Franciscan order and East Prussia. They are distinguished by thick walls faced with brick. Widely spaced small Windows emphasized the wide sides of the walls. These planes due to the decorative red brick, drawing the brickwork, grey seams of lime, and sometimes the ornament of black clinker. “Typical of the Gothic verticality was emphasized by buttresses, high gable roofs, dissected by shallow niches, pediments, semi-circular or Lancet Windows and doors”. (34, 195)
In the second half of XV – first half XVI century churches, respecting the old composite base, acquire new features. The walls become higher, and therefore less tangible for their heaviness. The buttresses more emphatic in drawing, not so much perform a constructive function, how much the role of a decorative element. The openings of Windows and doors increase and get a new design of shaped bricks. Cross, star or mesh arches span the interior space of the premises. (73, 95) is a Characteristic feature of Lithuanian plan of Gothic churches – a rectangular hall with a long choruses that end with a triangular apse. Continue reading
On the other side of the Incas — the Concrete from the ancient Megaliths and wizard — Puma Punku – a panorama from another world — an Orgy in stone — the Most modern technology of the Millennium Castle with brackets and pieces of the wire — Computer wall — Jump to Abydos — Mail in the British Museum.
The fortress Museum of religious art is located three and a half thousand meters above the Peruvian city of Cusco. Its builders, no doubt, were the Incas, for well-known professionals such a feature of their architecture, how rounded the edges of the quads. It is typical for all of the Inca buildings. At the top of the castle there is a stone circle impressive size. Probably it served as a calendar, although it could be the Foundation of the great tower.
Wall of the Inca Museum of religious art.
If you’ll turn the fortress back, you’ll get a labyrinth, undeservedly called the ruins. This shapeless heap of stones, large and small stones, are the remains of some unknown structure. Initially, the maze took over the quarry, but it was not as We know are some quarries of the Incas, and they look completely different. If you climb up onto the platforms over chasms and grottoes, you will see carved in the rock monster. There is no order, no walls,no stacked monoliths. Walls inclined to each other. The corridors suddenly hit natural rock. Continue reading
The image of the world and the Gothic temple
Medieval builders had solved a very complicated time for their task. Thanks to the invention of the Lancet, the pointed form of arch, they managed to erect a building of great height. Lancet arch reduces pressure on the walls of the arches, and built outside of strong pillars, the buttresses – and even ease the pressure. Heavy, pointed upward to the door leading inside the Cathedral.
There, high overhead, is spanned by the rows of Lancet arches. Up carried bundles of long, thin columns. The building definitely reaches for the sky. Through the stained glass Windows pouring light fancy. Gold, scarlet, Royal blue spots painted massive stone slabs of the floor. Colorful reflections playing on the thin, fragile figures of saints. The contours repeat the soaring lines of columns and arches.
The three arts are combined, but differently than in Egyptian or Greek temple. It’s infused with the Christian religion. Subordinating art, she seeks to divert the mind of the person in an otherworldly, ethereal world. And although the building built by man, yet it was created to serve an invisible God. Continue reading