The origin of the term “Gothic”
The word comes from Italian. “unusual, barbaric, the barbarians” (the historical Goths, this style has nothing to do), and was initially used as a profanity. For the first time the notion in the modern sense used by Giorgio Vasari in order to separate the Renaissance from the middle Ages. Gothic completed the development of European medieval art, which arose on the basis of the achievements of Roman culture and the Renaissance (Renaissance) art of the middle ages was considered “barbaric”. Gothic art was a cult on purpose and Religious topics. It appealed to higher forces of the divine, of eternity, of the Christian worldview.
Gothic in its development is divided into Early Gothic, the heyday of Late Gothic Continue reading
According to the great historian Herodotus, the Egyptian pyramids can rightly be regarded as the first wonder of the world. Herodotus in the V century studied the pyramids of Egypt, especially his attention was drawn to the pyramid of Cheops — the most conspicuous among the entire complex. It was not the treasure, was not the tombs of the pharaohs, even, there was found no symbols that indicate the purpose of this great structure. Centuries have passed, but the results are the pyramids only confirmed the words of the scientist of antiquity — the pyramids are still considered the most mysterious buildings on earth. The mystery of the pyramid complex of Giza is still not disclosed.
As you know, rule the proportions of the great pyramid correspond exactly to the Golden Section, which is the main constant in architecture, science and painting. Modern engineers are surprised that the ancient architects, without the availability of modern equipment, were able with such precision to lay the Foundation of the great pyramid, given the fact that the pyramid is built on a massive hill and not on flat ground. It follows from this that the Egyptians builders of the pyramids had a wide knowledge in the field of astronomy, and construction engineering. Continue reading
Dolmens in the North Caucasus there are about 3000 pieces. The dolmens to meet both single people and entire groups. In the vicinity of Gelendzhik dolmens meet almost everywhere. Excursions to the dolmens that are organized in different places: on Jean, Pedo in Arkhipo-Osipovka, mount Neksis.
Dolmens – structures made of stone slabs 5 with a round hole in the front plate, like a birdhouse, but set on earth. The hole was closed with a carefully fitted stone cork sleeve. This type of dolmen is typical for the Western Caucasus. Much less often here there are dolmens compound where one or more plates composed of smaller blocks. In the Caucasus dolmens are found is polymodality made from huge stone and covered with a slab roof. Usually, by processing the surface around the hole, was attached to them the similarities with the front facade of the tile of the dolmen. We have also built the dolmens monoliths in very limited quantities – carved entirely from a single stone. Currently only one dolmen in the Sochi area. Continue reading