To the top of the construction activities of the Romans are engineering structures. The largest facilities are the network of roads covered the whole territory of the Empire. The Roman Appian way — oldest, preserved and used still transport artery not only in Rome but around the world. It was built in IV—III centuries BC it approached Rome by the army of Spartacus in the late 70-ies of the first century BC and somewhat later in her shoulders were crucified on the crosses of his warriors, captured by the Romans.
The special place in improvement of cities, the growth of which required more and more water took water pipelines and aqueducts . From the hilly neighborhoods in the city reservoirs water was of stone, plastered with hydraulic mortar, the channels that are in low-lying areas and at the intersections of rivers or ravines were supported by arched constructions.
In the II century BC Rome only had nine large aqueducts, which provided water sources 1350, 15 fountains, dozens of public Bagni 11 luxuriously equipped baths. Continue reading
In the Middle ages was in Europe the city without a Catholic Cathedral. The Latin term civitas, which means city, settlement, in those days, meant the seat of the Bishop. The Episcopal seat was the Cathedral. The construction of Gothic cathedrals is an important milestone in the history of medieval Europe. Not all cathedrals are huge and majestic, but majestic Gothic cathedrals since the XII century represent the citadel of art, science and technology, social life, faith, and power. The Gothic cathedrals of the quintessence of European civilization. Many extant cathedrals were built not only as places of worship, the example of the Saint Denis Basilica.
The Basilica Of Saint-Denis
During the decline of Antiquity, the Roman Empire Christianized, each major and medium city became the residence of the Bishop of the diocese. In the course of the middle Ages are all new to the diocese, continued the evangelization of the Northern, Central and Eastern Europe. In the XIII century Western Europe has nearly a thousand dioceses and many Catholic cathedrals. In the XII century the city flourishes and military construction, the building is grouped around the Gothic cathedrals, some of which reach 1,000 years. Continue reading
The land of our country is dotted with temples: red and white tower emerges from the variegated panoramas of small villages and large cities, attract the attention of travelers, delight the hearts of its inhabitants. On Sunday morning the service of the churches of their parishes with many people. Travelers, tourists, art lovers, the temples attracted mostly not by the service, and grandiose, majestic, reminiscent of historical times architecture.
The magnificent buildings reflect the history and changing eras
Lithuanian churches is a living book of history of Lithuania. The history of their construction, architecture, stored them in works of art reminiscent of old times reflect the change of the ages, tell the story of people who lived in the province. Temples are often built and used as defensive fortifications. Many of them suffered great damage, and were looted during the various wars.
The first churches in Lithuania was made before the introduction of Christianity – they were built alien merchants and artisans. After the baptism of Lithuania in 1387, the number was growing steadily. In the middle of the XX century in Lithuania there were 885 Catholic churches and chapels. Continue reading