The construction of engineering structures in ancient Rome.
To this period belongs the construction of several large engineering structures and among them is a large port at Ostia. At 102, to control Dacia Trajan built a great stone…

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Stonehenge and its mysteries
English Stonehenge one of the most ancient and mysterious monuments in the world. Scientists believe that this building age slightly younger than the ancient Egyptian pyramids (about 5000 thousand years).…

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Inside the Siberian crater

Remember the giant funnel, which in July 2014 was spotted from the air in Yamal? Today we finally can see what is there inside — thanks to the stunning images in the newspaper Siberian Times. In November, the researchers first descended into the crater — or rather, on the frozen surface of the bottom of the mini-lake is a 10-meter depth.

Then you know how it was, and what other mysterious places in our country.

1. Siberian black holes

Funnel, which is the largest of the three seen on the Peninsula. They could be formed from an underground gas explosion, but so far this is working version, which must still confirm the sample. While some scientists claim that the appearance of craters there is nothing dangerous, while others say that the same process could cause anomalies in the Bermuda triangle.

The closed city in the Republic of Bashkortostan at the foot of the mountain of Yamantau. Since 1930 there has been one of the special settlements of the Gulag, but only after half a century, the world learned about the existence of such points on the map. Since then these areas have been named a nature reserve, but in the 1990’s in the mountains unfolded the secret construction, which has generated a lot of rumors and speculation. Continue reading

The stone architecture of Lithuania of XIII – XVIII centuries

At the end of XIV – first half XV century Lithuanian churches were influenced by castle architecture and the Gothic churches of the Franciscan order and East Prussia. They are distinguished by thick walls faced with brick. Widely spaced small Windows emphasized the wide sides of the walls. These planes due to the decorative red brick, drawing the brickwork, grey seams of lime, and sometimes the ornament of black clinker. “Typical of the Gothic verticality was emphasized by buttresses, high gable roofs, dissected by shallow niches, pediments, semi-circular or Lancet Windows and doors”. (34, 195)

In the second half of XV – first half XVI century churches, respecting the old composite base, acquire new features. The walls become higher, and therefore less tangible for their heaviness. The buttresses more emphatic in drawing, not so much perform a constructive function, how much the role of a decorative element. The openings of Windows and doors increase and get a new design of shaped bricks. Cross, star or mesh arches span the interior space of the premises. (73, 95) is a Characteristic feature of Lithuanian plan of Gothic churches – a rectangular hall with a long choruses that end with a triangular apse. Continue reading

Gothic in medieval Western Europe

The origin of the term “Gothic”

The word comes from Italian. “unusual, barbaric, the barbarians” (the historical Goths, this style has nothing to do), and was initially used as a profanity. For the first time the notion in the modern sense used by Giorgio Vasari in order to separate the Renaissance from the middle Ages. Gothic completed the development of European medieval art, which arose on the basis of the achievements of Roman culture and the Renaissance (Renaissance) art of the middle ages was considered “barbaric”. Gothic art was a cult on purpose and Religious topics. It appealed to higher forces of the divine, of eternity, of the Christian worldview.

Gothic in its development is divided into Early Gothic, the heyday of Late Gothic Continue reading

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Tik-Kuyu — siege well Chufut-Kale
Tick-Kuyu or, more simply, well the siege of Calais — an ancient system of underground hydraulic structures. A sensational discovery was made in 1998-2001. The history of discovery Since the…

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Gothic style
Gothic – historic artistic style that dominated Western European art in the XIII-XV centuries by the Goths the Romans called barbarian tribes invaded from the North in the Empire in…

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