Medieval architecture in Western Europe
Medieval architecture in its development passed through two successive stages: an early period of the Romanesque style (XI-XII centuries) and late - Gothic period (XII-XV centuries). The early period of…

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Mysteries of the South Ural "Stonehenge"
Mysterious stone structures scattered across the Chelyabinsk region. They are hidden in forests and swamps, erected on mountain tops... All of them are cult objects. Perhaps ancient burial places. One…

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The stone architecture of Lithuania of XIII – XVIII centuries

At the end of XIV – first half XV century Lithuanian churches were influenced by castle architecture and the Gothic churches of the Franciscan order and East Prussia. They are distinguished by thick walls faced with brick. Widely spaced small Windows emphasized the wide sides of the walls. These planes due to the decorative red brick, drawing the brickwork, grey seams of lime, and sometimes the ornament of black clinker. “Typical of the Gothic verticality was emphasized by buttresses, high gable roofs, dissected by shallow niches, pediments, semi-circular or Lancet Windows and doors”. (34, 195)

In the second half of XV – first half XVI century churches, respecting the old composite base, acquire new features. The walls become higher, and therefore less tangible for their heaviness. The buttresses more emphatic in drawing, not so much perform a constructive function, how much the role of a decorative element. The openings of Windows and doors increase and get a new design of shaped bricks. Cross, star or mesh arches span the interior space of the premises. (73, 95) is a Characteristic feature of Lithuanian plan of Gothic churches – a rectangular hall with a long choruses that end with a triangular apse. Continue reading

The most mysterious and amazing places on the planet

The world is full of mysterious places. Despite the fact that they were carefully studied by scientists to this day are fraught with many mysteries and amaze imagination.

Scientists have explained the reasons for incest in animals

Because of global warming, small shellfish may disappear

First in the list can rightly be considered the Nazca desert. On the plateau one of the driest deserts of the planet, located in Peru caused a giant intricate drawings. Due to the semiarid climate faces have been preserved from ancient times, but became aware of them recently, when flying over the plateau in the first half of the twentieth century. On the plateau caused about thirty of the drawings is a bird, monkey, spider, flowers, etc., close to 700 geometric figures. Continue reading

The largest underground city in the world.

Area with a landscape similar to the moon, where is found the largest underground city in Turkey is located in the valley of Goreme in Cappadocia. Cappadocia is known for the presence of the underground cities of Derinkuyu is the largest of its kind. The age of this underground structure is compared with the age of the Egyptian pyramids. The Derinkuyu means “deep wells”, the name of the underground city has received from the small town, which is located above it.

Why are those strange wells, for a long time nobody was interested, until one of the locals in 1963 did not show a curiosity about the strange cracks in the basement, where there was fresh air. Thus was discovered an entire underground city, carved into the rock, consisting of twenty layers, the many rooms and galleries connected by passages that have a length in tens of kilometers. To date, archaeologists have been able to go into Derinkuyu is 85 meters and explore the first eight tiers. Continue reading

Types of megalithic structures
Megaliths in Greek language means "big stone" and are stone structures relating to the prehistoric period. These structures were erected without any connecting mortar (cement or lime), and just evolved.…

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Plague Fort: the most mysterious construction of the Kronstadt
Not far from Kronstadt of water rise from the silent walls of the Fort "Emperor Alexander I" or "Plague". The history of abandoned structures, in which a hundred years ago…