Of great importance in the study of the history of our ancestors is a study of megalithic structures. A huge range of location: from the southern end and Oceanites
Of great importance in the study of the history of our ancestors is a study of megalithic structures. A huge range of location: from the southern tip of ocean and Islands of Asia to the westernmost point of Europe, the continental America. The most famous are the Indian ocean Islands, Easter island, the Caucasus, Stonehenge, Karnak, Baalbek, Malta, Neal and Machu Picchu. Pyramids and dolmens, menhirs and underground temples, avenues and dolmens, galleries and roads. Different cultures, different people, different era and different technology. Throughout this vast territory only the dolmens are common, having a similar appearance, because the consideration of the megaliths in this article is to describe the culture of the dolmens.
We turn first to the most truthful sources of information. Great Encyclopedic Dictionary: “a Dolmen (from Breton. tol – table and men – stone) megalithic. the structure in the form of a large stone box, covered with a flat plate. Common in primer. parts of Europe, Asia and North.Africa”. Continue reading
At the end of XIV – first half XV century Lithuanian churches were influenced by castle architecture and the Gothic churches of the Franciscan order and East Prussia. They are distinguished by thick walls faced with brick. Widely spaced small Windows emphasized the wide sides of the walls. These planes due to the decorative red brick, drawing the brickwork, grey seams of lime, and sometimes the ornament of black clinker. “Typical of the Gothic verticality was emphasized by buttresses, high gable roofs, dissected by shallow niches, pediments, semi-circular or Lancet Windows and doors”. (34, 195)
In the second half of XV – first half XVI century churches, respecting the old composite base, acquire new features. The walls become higher, and therefore less tangible for their heaviness. The buttresses more emphatic in drawing, not so much perform a constructive function, how much the role of a decorative element. The openings of Windows and doors increase and get a new design of shaped bricks. Cross, star or mesh arches span the interior space of the premises. (73, 95) is a Characteristic feature of Lithuanian plan of Gothic churches – a rectangular hall with a long choruses that end with a triangular apse. Continue reading
Theatre of Greece was closely associated with the life of the policy, being in fact the second national Assembly, where they discussed the most pressing issues. Greek theatre originally arose from religious cult of the God of nature Dionysus, developed very quickly. The financing and organization of theatrical performances were one of the duties (liturgies) of the richest citizens (the so-called choregia): the theatre was a public institution. History has preserved plays of the four great dramatists of antiquity, among them Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides and Aristophanes.
Unlike modern theatre, Greece was not permanent troupes and professional actors did not appear immediately. Originally played, sang and danced the citizens themselves, for each formulation was prepared costumes, masks and very simple decorations. In Athens the age of Pericles, usually do not repeat of old tragedies and comedies. This accounts for the huge number of works created by the ancient Greek playwrights. According to the estimates of contemporaries of Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides and Aristophanes each had more than 90 works. Continue reading