In the Middle ages was in Europe the city without a Catholic Cathedral. The Latin term civitas, which means city, settlement, in those days, meant the seat of the Bishop. The Episcopal seat was the Cathedral. The construction of Gothic cathedrals is an important milestone in the history of medieval Europe. Not all cathedrals are huge and majestic, but majestic Gothic cathedrals since the XII century represent the citadel of art, science and technology, social life, faith, and power. The Gothic cathedrals of the quintessence of European civilization. Many extant cathedrals were built not only as places of worship, the example of the Saint Denis Basilica.
The Basilica Of Saint-Denis
During the decline of Antiquity, the Roman Empire Christianized, each major and medium city became the residence of the Bishop of the diocese. In the course of the middle Ages are all new to the diocese, continued the evangelization of the Northern, Central and Eastern Europe. In the XIII century Western Europe has nearly a thousand dioceses and many Catholic cathedrals. In the XII century the city flourishes and military construction, the building is grouped around the Gothic cathedrals, some of which reach 1,000 years. Continue reading
In the XII century in France has arisen a new style of art. In France in the XIII century it reached maturity and then spread throughout most of Europe and dominated until the end of the middle Ages. Contemporaries referred to him as “the French style”, and the descendants became known as the Gothic (from the name of grunneger-Mansky tribe is ready).
The last judgment. The relief gate of the Church in Conques. XII in
Monster. A capital of the Cathedral in Canterbury. England
Margrave Ekkehard and his wife Uta. The Cathedral in Naumburg. The XIII century.
Largely Gothic Cathedral was similar to the Romanesque towers on the Western facade; portals, richly decorated with sculpture; the nave leading to the altar; the cross of the transept. It is natural: the Gothic style had not changed the destination of the Cathedral, which remains a place of prayer and worship. Continue reading
It is considered that we are Russian nation is quite young.In fact, four thousand years ago Egyptian pyramids were built.Not even Jesus Christ was born,and the ancient Romans had already managed to sink to the bottom luxury and debauchery.And our ancestors really haven’t started yet.But as it turned out, the Russian history is far more ancient roots than previously thought.
Grand megaliths have been found in the Kemerovo region in the South of Western Siberia, at the junction of the Altai and Sayan mountains, where the territory, known as Shoria Mountain. At an altitude of 1000 metres there are the remains of a huge wall, built of striking the imagination of megalithic blocks.
Mysterious places in Russia are many, but in this ancient city in Siberia, the ancient builders even cut in some places the rocks under the Foundation, and the blocks have dimensions far exceeding the famous blocks of Baalbek terrace. This discovery requires a closer examination of scientists of different directions. There are some facts that require study: Wall breached in three places by manamusume, which blocks scattered around for hundreds of meters. Granite in some places have melted from exposure Continue reading
Just three years ago a curious thing happened in Germany. It turned out that the stone Church of the XIV century interferes to develop the coal below it in the bowels. The temple was set on a wheeled wooden platform and percetile 12 km, to the neighboring village. The whole project cost €3 million
We, the Russians, and especially Muscovites, the subject of the transfer of the buildings are very close, for they were in our recent history, the time when the center of the capital of Russia with its “old-style” buildings actively adjusted to a bright Communist future. Then, in the 1930s, according to the General plan of reconstruction of Moscow through the centre, it was decided to pave several streets wide. Where new avenues were crowded, was turned into rubble, entire blocks. But still some houses deserve a special fate, which had not been demolished. They simply moved. The most famous building, moved to a new address, then the city Council building (originally the house of the Governor-General the construction of M. F. Kazakov), Savvinskoe Podvorie monastery, the building of the Eye hospital — all on Tverskaya street. About the history of Moscow “permutations”, of the outstanding engineer Emmanuil Handel, who led the movement, has been written a lot. However, it is interesting to have a look at the technology of the transfer of the building from place to place. Even to the uninitiated it is clear that the main problems to be resolved by engineers, is the huge weight of the moving object and its fragility. The house must be very gently to detach from the Foundation to lift, move and manage thus not to destroy it. Continue reading
Mysterious megalithic temples of Malta are on the list of world cultural heritage sites of UNESCO, as a single group. These wonderful sanctuaries are more than 5 thousand years. Every megalithic temple complex developed independently, some were built even before the construction of the Egyptian pyramids, others in the bronze age. Scientists are still trying to find the answer to their appearance
On the island of Gozo is a complex of two temples of Ggantija, it is the oldest free-standing monuments and the most ancient structures of the bronze age, preserved in the world. They confirm that the island was inhabited even a thousand years before the construction of the Egyptian pyramids at Giza. Earlier, local residents thought that these megaliths were built by giants-the giants as they struck his scales. In the Maltese language “Ggantija” means “giant”.
Both temples have five apses connected by a Central corridor leading to Tripoli. They are built using the header and stretcher techniques of masonry, with blocks of coral limestone, some of which have more than five meters in length and weigh about 50 tons. Continue reading