The stone architecture of Lithuania of XIII – XVIII centuries
At the end of XIV - first half XV century Lithuanian churches were influenced by castle architecture and the Gothic churches of the Franciscan order and East Prussia. They are…

Continue reading →

Types of megalithic structures
Megaliths in Greek language means "big stone" and are stone structures relating to the prehistoric period. These structures were erected without any connecting mortar (cement or lime), and just evolved.…

Continue reading →

One of the most mysterious places in Italy
The most mysterious and enigmatic place on the territory of Italy is considered to be the Abbey called "Santa Maria di Lucedio", which for many years has managed to become…

...

Gothic style
Gothic – historic artistic style that dominated Western European art in the XIII-XV centuries by the Goths the Romans called barbarian tribes invaded from the North in the Empire in…

...

The megalithic temples of Malta

Mysterious megalithic temples of Malta are on the list of world cultural heritage sites of UNESCO, as a single group. These wonderful sanctuaries are more than 5 thousand years. Every megalithic temple complex developed independently, some were built even before the construction of the Egyptian pyramids, others in the bronze age. Scientists are still trying to find the answer to their appearance

On the island of Gozo is a complex of two temples of Ggantija, it is the oldest free-standing monuments and the most ancient structures of the bronze age, preserved in the world. They confirm that the island was inhabited even a thousand years before the construction of the Egyptian pyramids at Giza. Earlier, local residents thought that these megaliths were built by giants-the giants as they struck his scales. In the Maltese language “Ggantija” means “giant”.

Both temples have five apses connected by a Central corridor leading to Tripoli. They are built using the header and stretcher techniques of masonry, with blocks of coral limestone, some of which have more than five meters in length and weigh about 50 tons.

The temple of Hagar Qim is located on the island of Malta, on top of a hill. It is a single structure temple, decorated with animals and deities carved from flint and obsidian. His facade external courtyard is typical of all such structures on the Islands. From the land around the complex was extracted many valuable discoveries, for example, altar, altar, the pillars, the various statues. These findings currently can be seen in the National archaeological Museum.

Mnajdra was built – is a complex of three temples located between the cliffs of the southern coast of the island of Malta. In its layout it resembles a clover leaf. The upper temple belonging to 3600-3200 BC is the most ancient, it is a triapsidal building made of coral limestone. Lower, the most well-preserved temple was designed and built according to astronomical laws, so on March 20 and September 22 the sun’s rays pass exactly through the special places of the temple in accordance with the plans of the architects. The middle temple was built in the late Marsianski period and is located between the other two.

The sorrow of the churches were opened relatively recently – only in the 1960-ies. The churches have been preserved pretty bad, but their territory have been made very important discoveries related to the early Neolithic period.

Temples TA’ Hagrat perfectly preserved, though, and were among the earliest megaliths on the island. It is assumed that temples were built on the former site of the village, because the archaeologists during excavations found a large quantity of ceramics. The complex has a unique layout compared to other similar buildings on the island. The facade of the great temple was renovated in 1937.

The temple building complex, which includes four megalithic structures, Tarxien is attributable to 3600-2500 BCE

10 interesting abandoned lighthouses
The first lighthouses were built in the days when humanity was just beginning to make tentative steps towards the development of their native planet. For the convenience of navigators along…

...

The technology of construction of underground stations
Construction of underground metro stations is one of the technically challenging and labour-intensive industries of modern construction with relatively high material and financial costs. The volume and scope of work…

...

Stonehenge and its mysteries
English Stonehenge one of the most ancient and mysterious monuments in the world. Scientists believe that this building age slightly younger than the ancient Egyptian pyramids (about 5000 thousand years).…

...

Street Christmas decor
A mandatory attribute of the Christmas and new year celebrations — a street sculpture and light installations, and "snow-free" countries here have to work twice as hard, as simple combination…

Continue reading →

Gothic in medieval Western Europe
The origin of the term "Gothic" The word comes from Italian. "unusual, barbaric, the barbarians" (the historical Goths, this style has nothing to do), and was initially used as a…

...