Gothic style
Gothic – historic artistic style that dominated Western European art in the XIII-XV centuries by the Goths the Romans called barbarian tribes invaded from the North in the Empire in…

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Dolmens of the Caucasus
Megaliths (from the Greek. — large, Ai0og — rock) — prehistoric structures of large stone blocks, joined without cement or mortar. In the limiting case that one module (the menhir).…

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Dolmens Of Gelendzhik

Dolmens in the North Caucasus there are about 3000 pieces. The dolmens to meet both single people and entire groups. In the vicinity of Gelendzhik dolmens meet almost everywhere. Excursions to the dolmens that are organized in different places: on Jean, Pedo in Arkhipo-Osipovka, mount Neksis.

Dolmens – structures made of stone slabs 5 with a round hole in the front plate, like a birdhouse, but set on earth. The hole was closed with a carefully fitted stone cork sleeve. This type of dolmen is typical for the Western Caucasus. Much less often here there are dolmens compound where one or more plates composed of smaller blocks. In the Caucasus dolmens are found is polymodality made from huge stone and covered with a slab roof. Usually, by processing the surface around the hole, was attached to them the similarities with the front facade of the tile of the dolmen. We have also built the dolmens monoliths in very limited quantities – carved entirely from a single stone. Currently only one dolmen in the Sochi area.

Dolmens Of The Caucasus

The average size of the dolmens: 2 m wide, 2 m high and 3 m in length. The hole diameter is about 40 cm the Weight of each of the plates 3 to 8 tons, the weight of the tube is about 100 kg. In the Western Caucasus there are only around 2000 pieces, including the ruins of dolmens. The whole of them not more than 20%.

But the notion damansara and also applies to constructions of the type “stone table” or “giant bed”, located on the coastal areas of the sea coasts of Europe, North Africa, Middle and Far East, India etc. and the dates of their construction is dated by the archaeologists from IV to II Millennium BC. The word dolmen comes from the Breton (Celtic) word “tolmen”, which means tol table and men – stone. Less and in other parts of the world meet “birdhouses”.

The holes also vary from round to oval and even rectangular. But be sure each hole was consistent with the same shape stone cork sleeve.

The local population of the Caucasus, and that Adyghe, Circassians, Abkhazians, Karachays, there are several legends about the dolmens.

Circassians, for example, call them “ispf” or “spawn” – the house of the dwarf. Their legend says that in ancient times there lived giants and dwarfs. The giants were large and often abused dwarfs, and dwarfs – small and cunning. Therefore dwarfs the little giants were forced to build the dolmens of huge slabs. In these houses they feel safe. The dwarfs rode ia hares and leaped to his home right at them through the opening in the front plate. The Cossacks called dolmens good lodges.

Archaeologists estimate the start of construction of some Caucasian dolmens, as of the end of the third Millennium BC. This means that the dolmens of the ancient pyramids! They carry them to the funeral constructions, because they find in them the remains of grave sites.

But neither the builders Dalma, or others of their contemporaries did not leave any records with the answers to our main questions.

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