Dolmens are ancient burial structures, which are often found in Asia, Europe and North Africa. In Korea is the largest number of dolmens in the world.
They are of great archaeological value, allowing you to learn more about the lifestyle of the people who built them, about the social and political system of the state, the faith and rituals of worshipping the gods, art, holidays and other historical facts.
In the places of burials Gochan, Hwasun and Ganghwa is home to the largest number of dolmens in Korea. Visitors come to admire not only their number but also their diversity: in the form of a table – North type, in the form of a game Board Th – South type, menhirs and other.
In these areas contains equipment for handling, transporting and lifting stone, and also demonstrates the evolution of dolmens in northeast Asia.
Dolmens first appeared in Korea about 1000 BC at the beginning of the first Millennium. They represent a large reservoir of stories, highlighting the differences of each region. By the greatest number of dolmens in northeast Asia can be judged on the level of culturepositive countries in the historical period. Continue reading
Kofun — is an ancient burial emperors in Japanese — barrow. Classic kofun has the shape of a keyhole, around which dug a water-filled moat, and sometimes even two.
1. Japanese kofun, originates from the ancient tombs of China. The name of the kofun are megalithic tombs, for example Ishibutai kofun. In the narrow sense of the kofun is the burial of partially elongated shape, common in Japan between the 2nd half of the III century BC and the first half of the VII century BC. From this term comes the name of the Kofun period (300-538 years), which is part of the Yamato period in Japanese history.
2. There is an entrance, gate, bridge. Everything is closed and participation is forbidden by Japanese tradition.
3. These Islands unspoiled nature, plants and animals that cannot be found anywhere else. For example Tanuki — Japanese raccoon dogs, who sometimes come from the island and scaring the residents of nearby residential areas. Continue reading
To this period belongs the construction of several large engineering structures and among them is a large port at Ostia. At 102, to control Dacia Trajan built a great stone bridge with concrete pillars across the Danube. Built, certainly not he, and his master-builders, among which stood out from Apollodorus of Damascus. He was probably one of the most educated and talented engineers of the Roman Empire, because besides the bridge was built a number of large and complex construction structures, such as the forum of Trajan, the circus and Thermae in Rome, named after the Emperor. He is credited with the construction of one of the most beautiful and the greatest works of world architecture — the concrete of the Pantheon in Rome.
Harder is continuing the construction during the reign of Emperor Hadrian (117-138 ad.). Adrian participated in the building not only as an organizer but also as an architect and civil engineer. The greater part of his life he spent in travel through the Empire. Adrian visited all Roman provinces, was a great admirer of Greek culture, admired the skill of the Egyptian artists. Continue reading