Inside the Siberian crater
Remember the giant funnel, which in July 2014 was spotted from the air in Yamal? Today we finally can see what is there inside — thanks to the stunning images in the newspaper Siberian Times. In November, the researchers first descended into the crater — or rather, on the frozen surface of the bottom of the mini-lake is a 10-meter depth.
Then you know how it was, and what other mysterious places in our country.
1. Siberian black holes
Funnel, which is the largest of the three seen on the Peninsula. They could be formed from an underground gas explosion, but so far this is working version, which must still confirm the sample. While some scientists claim that the appearance of craters there is nothing dangerous, while others say that the same process could cause anomalies in the Bermuda triangle.
The closed city in the Republic of Bashkortostan at the foot of the mountain of Yamantau. Since 1930 there has been one of the special settlements of the Gulag, but only after half a century, the world learned about the existence of such points on the map. Since then these areas have been named a nature reserve, but in the 1990’s in the mountains unfolded the secret construction, which has generated a lot of rumors and speculation. Continue reading
The stone architecture of Lithuania of XIII – XVIII centuries
At the end of XIV – first half XV century Lithuanian churches were influenced by castle architecture and the Gothic churches of the Franciscan order and East Prussia. They are distinguished by thick walls faced with brick. Widely spaced small Windows emphasized the wide sides of the walls. These planes due to the decorative red brick, drawing the brickwork, grey seams of lime, and sometimes the ornament of black clinker. “Typical of the Gothic verticality was emphasized by buttresses, high gable roofs, dissected by shallow niches, pediments, semi-circular or Lancet Windows and doors”. (34, 195)
In the second half of XV – first half XVI century churches, respecting the old composite base, acquire new features. The walls become higher, and therefore less tangible for their heaviness. The buttresses more emphatic in drawing, not so much perform a constructive function, how much the role of a decorative element. The openings of Windows and doors increase and get a new design of shaped bricks. Cross, star or mesh arches span the interior space of the premises. (73, 95) is a Characteristic feature of Lithuanian plan of Gothic churches – a rectangular hall with a long choruses that end with a triangular apse. Continue reading
Tik-Kuyu — siege well Chufut-Kale
Tick-Kuyu or, more simply, well the siege of Calais — an ancient system of underground hydraulic structures. A sensational discovery was made in 1998-2001.
The history of discovery
Since the water in the fortress was imported — it was taken in the sources of Karai-Chokrak and the Gazi-Mansur. Also used the rain and snow water. The water reserves in the form of snow and ice was stored in caves beneath the straw and felt.
During the siege, water was delivered from a secret system of waterworks. When the fortress lost its military significance, the information about it, who had hidden, was forgotten. But not all. Secret location underground structures were passed from generation to generation elected; over time, its guardians have become the elders and leaders of the people of the Karaites. Brief information was published by the Karaite gahs (spiritual head) of S. Chapel in 1895:
“The Karaites could stand a long siege due to the fact that Small gate near Kyrk-hyères there was an underground passage to the spring located at the foot of the rock.” Continue reading