Area with a landscape similar to the moon, where is found the largest underground city in Turkey is located in the valley of Goreme in Cappadocia. Cappadocia is known for the presence of the underground cities of Derinkuyu is the largest of its kind. The age of this underground structure is compared with the age of the Egyptian pyramids. The Derinkuyu means “deep wells”, the name of the underground city has received from the small town, which is located above it.
Why are those strange wells, for a long time nobody was interested, until one of the locals in 1963 did not show a curiosity about the strange cracks in the basement, where there was fresh air. Thus was discovered an entire underground city, carved into the rock, consisting of twenty layers, the many rooms and galleries connected by passages that have a length in tens of kilometers. To date, archaeologists have been able to go into Derinkuyu is 85 meters and explore the first eight tiers. Continue reading
Mysterious ancient Egyptian civilization is controversial and scientists to this day, because science has a very protivoradikulitnye: on the one hand the construction of the pyramids, advanced medicine, shipbuilding, and lack of basic wheels… How much were developed in different fields of science these people from the distant past. who inhabited the banks of the Nile?
It’s hard to argue with the fact that the most incomprehensible and the most known achievement of the ancient Egyptian civilization was the building of the pyramids.
About the purpose of these magnificent structures argue even modern scientists. Widely discussed and could the people who inhabited the banks of the Nile 5 thousand years ago and used in the construction of simple levers and ramps, to build them? Why the more ancient times of Egyptian civilization were built are larger and more correct proportions of the pyramid? Why they did not develop but, on the contrary, became less geometrically perfect? Continue reading
Theatre of Greece was closely associated with the life of the policy, being in fact the second national Assembly, where they discussed the most pressing issues. Greek theatre originally arose from religious cult of the God of nature Dionysus, developed very quickly. The financing and organization of theatrical performances were one of the duties (liturgies) of the richest citizens (the so-called choregia): the theatre was a public institution. History has preserved plays of the four great dramatists of antiquity, among them Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides and Aristophanes.
Unlike modern theatre, Greece was not permanent troupes and professional actors did not appear immediately. Originally played, sang and danced the citizens themselves, for each formulation was prepared costumes, masks and very simple decorations. In Athens the age of Pericles, usually do not repeat of old tragedies and comedies. This accounts for the huge number of works created by the ancient Greek playwrights. According to the estimates of contemporaries of Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides and Aristophanes each had more than 90 works. Continue reading