Gothic – historic artistic style that dominated Western European art in the XIII-XV centuries by the Goths the Romans called barbarian tribes invaded from the North in the Empire in the III-V centuries the Term originated in the Italian Renaissance as a derisive nickname for the “barbaric” and primitive, Dating back to the past of medieval culture. Initially it was used for literature – to indicate a wrong, distorted Latin. Medieval architecture was then called the common word “tedesca” (Italian: “German”). There is an assumption that the word “Gothic” was first used by Raphael, the famous painter of the Renaissance.
Gothic – the crown of the middle ages, it is bright colors, gilding, stained glass lights, expression, soaring into the sky with a barbed needle spires, Symphony of light, stone and glass… Gothic style characterizes the final stage of medieval art in Western Europe. The birth of Gothic style can be considered the culmination of the Romanesque and its overcoming. For a long time, elements of both styles co-existed, and the transition time of the XII century. was” the Renaissance character.” Continue reading
Kofun — is an ancient burial emperors in Japanese — barrow. Classic kofun has the shape of a keyhole, around which dug a water-filled moat, and sometimes even two.
1. Japanese kofun, originates from the ancient tombs of China. The name of the kofun are megalithic tombs, for example Ishibutai kofun. In the narrow sense of the kofun is the burial of partially elongated shape, common in Japan between the 2nd half of the III century BC and the first half of the VII century BC. From this term comes the name of the Kofun period (300-538 years), which is part of the Yamato period in Japanese history.
2. There is an entrance, gate, bridge. Everything is closed and participation is forbidden by Japanese tradition.
3. These Islands unspoiled nature, plants and animals that cannot be found anywhere else. For example Tanuki — Japanese raccoon dogs, who sometimes come from the island and scaring the residents of nearby residential areas. Continue reading
To this period belongs the construction of several large engineering structures and among them is a large port at Ostia. At 102, to control Dacia Trajan built a great stone bridge with concrete pillars across the Danube. Built, certainly not he, and his master-builders, among which stood out from Apollodorus of Damascus. He was probably one of the most educated and talented engineers of the Roman Empire, because besides the bridge was built a number of large and complex construction structures, such as the forum of Trajan, the circus and Thermae in Rome, named after the Emperor. He is credited with the construction of one of the most beautiful and the greatest works of world architecture — the concrete of the Pantheon in Rome.
Harder is continuing the construction during the reign of Emperor Hadrian (117-138 ad.). Adrian participated in the building not only as an organizer but also as an architect and civil engineer. The greater part of his life he spent in travel through the Empire. Adrian visited all Roman provinces, was a great admirer of Greek culture, admired the skill of the Egyptian artists. Continue reading